Click link to view website http://www.ismonline.org/
Click link to view website http://www.ismonline.org/
Click link to view website http://www.ismonline.org/
…when law enforcement wants to search your car, backpack, or home? Do you really have the right to an attorney? What happens when you’re wrongfully identified as a suspect and brought in for questioning?
Find out these answers and more in this exciting (and free) workshop, organized by the ACLU of Wisconsin.
Time: Monday, October 24 · 4:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Location: Shorewood Public Library, 3920 North Murray Avenue, Shorewood, WI
(MILWAUKEE) – Community leader and long-time public servant Ray Harmon has formed a campaign for Milwaukee Common Council in Aldermanic District 9 against incumbent Alderperson Robert Puente.
“I am very excited to officially announce my campaign,” Harmon said. I have already started reaching out to my neighbors to discuss the issues and challenges we are facing on Milwaukee’s Northwest Side,”
“For the past 15 years I have helped small businesses create jobs, managed government budgets, and worked to improve our quality of life,” added Harmon. “I want to bring my proven leadership and vision for Milwaukee to City Hall.”
Ray Harmon grew up in Milwaukee where he learned the values of hard work and community service. He has spent his career as a public servant, having served as a legislative assistant for the city and county governments, with the Milwaukee Urban League, Neighborhood Schools Initiative and the administrations of former Governor Jim Doyle and former Madison Mayor Dave Cieslewicz. He has overseen programs for crime reduction, economic development, affordable housing, parks, libraries, public works, and civil rights. A heart transplant recipient, Ray is a volunteer for the Wisconsin Donor Network and other health care charities.
by Harriet Callier [[email protected]]
Dr. King asked to be remembered as “… a drum major for justice, peace and righteousness.” At this difficult time in our Nation’s history, we can all rejoice and gain hope from participating in this memorable event. It should also help us gain energy for the struggle that remains for social and economic justice. Mac Weddle, Executive Director — Northcott Neighborhood House.
A group from Milwaukee participated in the weekend of events surrounding the official dedication of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial in Washington, DC.
The group boarded the bus on the Campus of Holy Redeemer Church of God in Christ following a community send-off; the Prayer Service was led by Rev. Charles Walton, Executive Director of Career Youth Development, Inc.
A fraternity’s challenge to increase student and minority visits to our National Mall has resulted in the Memorial to Martin Luther King, Jr. The official Memorial dedication was scheduled for August 27 and postponed due to threats from extreme weather.
The group arrived on Saturday in time to participate with the re-enactment of the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (sponsored by Dr. Al Sharpton and the National Action Network). The Saturday activities included an unscheduled viewing of the Pentagon with its 9/11 Memorial and a visit with Congresswoman, Gwen Moore.
Cong. Moore met with the group on the steps of the Capital where she turned the brief visit into quite an intimate event with personal photos and comments for the Executive Producer of the MPTV series Black Nouveau [Channels 10.1/36.2], Everett Marshburn. Marshburn (joined by cameraman, Jose Luzano) traveled with the group from Milwaukee to capture the experience of those who were present for the 1963 events and who were returning for the Dedication of the King Memorial.
These three individuals, Geraldine McGowan Brumfield (pictured above), Vivian McLemore and Tyrone Daniels have remained an active part of the social justice work here in Milwaukee.
Wendell Harris, Executive Director of the Ambassadors for Peace Programs, delivered our message to her. The visit to the Capital was not solely recreational but it allowed our delegation—especially her constituents from the Fourth Congressional District—to let her know that we fully support her (and the President) in continuing the fight for the Jobs Bill until it is passed. “We are here to support you because we desperately need the jobs and the quality of life that comes with being gainfully employed in our community.”
Cong. Moore was quick to thank the crowd for the unwavering support explaining that hearing voter comments and support are vital to knowing the consensus on any decisions back at home.
While many in the group were retirees and life-long residents of Milwaukee, students from Transition and Community High Schools, as well as, Springfield College –Milwaukee Campus and UW-Platteville (Black Student Union) joined them.
Two SEIU Locals supported the purpose of this trip by assisting their membership to go along. On the ground in Washington, the sponsors had the support of Tyrone and Corey Daniels (Milwaukee’s Commandoes Phase II) in an all-out effort of customer service and safety for the group.
Ambassadors for Peace Programs of Wendell J Harris & Associates, Coalition of Black American Men, Inc. and Humanists Ministries, Inc. and the ARACOPA Coalition for Social Justice (an SCLC-affiliate organization) sponsored the trip.
EDITORʼS NOTE: This article originally appeared in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. It is being reprinted as part of a partnership between the Community Journal and Journal Sentinel to help address a critical issue in our community.
by Mark Johnson and Tia Ghose–(Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Publication Date: April 17, 2011)
A tight, persistent pain in the lower abdomen chased Jasmine Zapata from class that morning, forcing her upstairs to rest on a couch at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison.
It was Sept. 20, and Zapata was in her 25th week of pregnancy, just past the midpoint.
She neither smoked nor drank. She knew the importance of proper prenatal care and had followed the doctor’s orders to the letter. Zapata, after all, was in her second year of medical school. The 23-year-old Milwaukee native had carried her first pregnancy to term and had a beautiful son to show for it: MJ, now 18 months old.
At her last doctor visit the week before, all had been fine. But on this morning when Zapata rose from the couch and went into the bathroom, she saw she was bleeding. By the time the ambulance got to the hospital, she was completely dilated and in fear for her baby daughter.
“When they were doing an ultrasound, I was mentally preparing myself,” Zapata said. “What if they tell me she’s dead?”
Educated, married, with no chronic illnesses or family history of prematurity, Zapata was not, in most respects, a high risk for premature delivery, the No. 1 cause of infant mortality in Milwaukee.
Only one factor suggested risk: Zapata is African-American.
Her case highlights an ongoing mystery in medicine. For decades, researchers have found that African-Americans across this country had double or even triple the rates of prematurity, low birth weight and infant mortality of their white counterparts. A married, college-educated African-American woman faces worse odds than a white, unmarried woman who dropped out of high school.
The trend can’t be explained away by genetic differences. Researchers have looked at the difference in the birth outcomes of African immigrants to this country and those of their American-born children.
“When they first come (to the U.S.), their birth outcomes are outstanding, and then after one generation, they’re bad,” said James J. Collins, an epidemiologist and neonatologist at Northwestern University. “That’s pretty frustrating, but it’s clear there’s some social phenomenon that goes on in this country.”
Years of research and well-intentioned efforts have led to improvements in the overall mortality rates, but the gap between African-Americans and whites has widened. Milwaukee’s black infant mortality rate stood at 15.7 deaths per 1, 000 live births between 2005 and 2008, among the worst in the nation and more than double the rate for the city’s white infants.
Dozens of factors can lead to premature births: chronic diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes; behaviors such as smoking and drinking alcohol; and history, including previous premature deliveries. Even when these are accounted for, there’s still a stark difference between how well African-American and white babies fare.
One point, however, has become increasingly clear: Prematurity is a primary cause of infant mortality, defined as the death of a child before age 1. In 2006, more than two-thirds of the infants who died in the United States were born preterm.
“Preterm birth is the most problematic and leading cause of infant mortality,” said Cynthia Ferre, an epidemiologist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, who has studied infant mortality for 25 years. Increasingly, medical researchers are focusing on stress as the trigger for a complex cascade inside a woman’s body that leads to preterm labor, in effect signaling the fetus to leave the womb.
Social scientists have spent decades investigating many external factors that appear to power the stress machine: poverty, unhealthy environments, racism. Others have spent years studying the internal, or biological, factors: genes, biology, chemistry.
So far, solutions have tackled prematurity and infant mortality from one direction or the other, and as a result have had limited success. Research that drills into both internal and external factors – and interplay between the two – remains scarce.
Several studies have shown that some of the strongest factors fueling prematurity are ones a woman has little control over – the air she breathes, the neighborhoods she walks through every day, the way she is treated in her community and society.
African-Americans who live in segregated neighborhoods are likelier to have their babies prematurely, according to a December study in the journal Social Science and Medicine. In Milwaukee where Zapata grew up, the African-American population predominantly lives in segregated neighborhoods, and the metropolitan area was ranked among the most segregated in the country, according to 2010 census data.
In an effort to understand the geography of prematurity, researchers at UCLA and the University of California, Irvine analyzed 81, 000 births from 1996 in California. They found that women of all races who live up to a mile and a half from busy roads or freeways, and therefore had greater exposure to harmful car exhaust, had more than double the risk of having their babies before 30 weeks’ gestation. Nationwide, African-Americans are much likelier to live near freeways and other congested roads.
A second study showed blacks living near freeways had nearly triple the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth. While African-Americans may not be more susceptible to toxic environments, they are more often exposed to them.
The grind of living in poverty also may worsen the odds for some African-American women. Poor women, for instance, tend to have worse health and poorer birth outcomes than affluent women, even when they don’t actually engage in riskier behavior.
Everyone has a threshold for how much stress she can handle on a daily basis.
“If you have a lot of stress in your life, your husband beats you, your boss at work is pushing you too hard, and then you have a sudden death in your family, all this builds up,” said Calvin Hobel, an obstetrician/gynecologist at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles who has studied the effect of stress on birth outcomes. “People who have chronic stress, throughout the day, your heart rate goes up but it doesn’t come down.”
Before she started high school, Zapata’s parents owned their small house in a Milwaukee neighborhood near N. 90th St. and W. Good Hope Road, and seemed rooted in the middle class. Then they divorced.
Zapata, her younger brother and their mother moved into an apartment near Northridge Mall. A year after the divorce, they went on food stamps and BadgerCare, Wisconsin’s public health insurance program. But they were not so poor that they ever had to worry about their next meal.
Today, Zapata is a medical student who receives BadgerCare for health coverage. Her husband is a security guard. While Zapata should earn a good living someday, finances are, for now, a struggle.
Even if she were wealthy, however, and had been so all her life, Zapata would still face a higher risk of a preterm birth than a white woman with a lower income.
Racism – both personal and institutional – may be one reason that affluent, high-achieving African-American women are at higher risk for preterm delivery than similar white women, several researchers say.
At Northwestern University, Collins has found that women who say they’ve experienced more discrimination or racism are more likely to give birth to low birthweight or premature babies. Other work has shown that racism heightens the risks of prematurity if women also are experiencing symptoms of depression during pregnancy.
Many think what’s needed nationally is a comprehensive reassessment of how medical care is delivered, as well as a transformation of our communities. Prenatal care, some say, needs to be re-imagined. Instead of an obstetrician being at the center of the pregnancy universe, the focus would shift to one-stop, comprehensive health care homes or community centers.
Milwaukee is starting to make changes. Since 2007, the Milwaukee Health Department has partnered with a national organization called Nurse Family Partnership. As part of the program, at-risk women in the most blighted neighborhoods are visited by a nurse weekly during pregnancy and every other week for two years after the baby is born. The nurse offers suggestions for healthy lifestyle changes.
The partnership focuses on helping the mother get a better handle on her life as a whole, by setting goals for staying in school, finding safer housing, coping with stress and applying for a job, said nurse Mary Jo Gerlach.
Employed in a handful of cities over the last three decades, the program can improve birth weight of babies but has limitations. It relies on referrals, costs the city about $8,000 to $10,000 per family, and only reaches the poorest women – a total of about 134 as of May.
In Milwaukee, infant mortality rates dropped 14% from 2009 to 2010, though it is too early to say whether this was the beginning of a trend or merely a statistical blip.
Zapata may never know why her baby girl was born too early. This much she knows: Aameira, now 7 months old, healthy and remarkably jolly, has survived. For more than three months, Aameira stayed in the hospital. Slowly, she grew. She gained weight. Finally, Zapata learned she would be able to bring her child home to her husband and their son.
The baby would still need oxygen. Aameira would be tethered for a while to an apnea monitor that would trigger an alarm if her heartbeat or breathing fell below certain levels. Aameira’s day-to-day care would be in the hands of her parents, a notion they found a little scary. They did not know what, if any, deficits she suffered from her premature birth.
They may not know until she is 2 years old.
Many parents hesitate to discuss alcohol and other drug use with their child (ren). Some believe that their child (ren) couldn’t become involved with illegal substances. Others delay because they don’t know what to say of how to say it, or they are afraid of putting ideas into their heads.
Don’t wait until you think your child(ren) has a problem. Many young people in treatment programs say that they had used alcohol and other drugs for at least two years before their parents knew about it. Begin early to talk about alcohol and other drugs, and keep the lines of communication open.
A Quiz for Parents…
Answer: (c) Because it is legal for adults and widely accepted in
our culture, alcohol is the drug most often used in the United States.
Answer: Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. These are the “gateway”
drugs, drugs that children are first exposed to and whose use often
precedes use of other drugs.
(d) a 5-oz glass of wine (e) all contain equal amounts of alcohol.
Answer: (e) All four contain approximately 1.5 ounces of alcohol.
(a) spray paint (b) model glue (c) nail polish remover (d) whipped cream
canisters (e) all of the above
Answer: (e) Virtually anything that emits fumes or comes in aerosol
form can be inhaled to obtain a high.
(a) have no risk of becoming chemically dependent (b) are less likely to develop
a drinking problem or use illicit drugs (c) have an increased risk of becoming chemically dependent
Answer: (b) Early use of alcohol and other drugs, often by age 15 or less, is
strongly associated with drug-related problems such as addiction.
female characteristics in males (b) development of male characteristics in females
(c) stunted growth (d) damage to the liver and cardiovascular system (e) over-
aggressive behavior (f) all of the above
Answer: (f) Steroid users subject themselves to more that 70 side effects. The liver
and cardiovascular and reproductive systems are most seriously affected by steroid
use. In females, irreversible masculine traits can develop. Psychological effects in
both sexes can cause very aggressive behavior and depression.
8) How much alcohol can a pregnant woman safely consume? (a) a 6-oz glass of
wine with dinner (b) two 12-oz beers each day (c) five 4-oz shots of whiskey a
month (d) none
Answer: (d) Medical researchers have not established any safe limits for alcohol
intake during pregnancy.
Submitted by the Prevention Coordinator at Silver Spring Neighborhood Center
Contact us at 414/463-7950 ext 17 or [email protected]
A recent study shows that African-American women the highest rates of teen pregnancy and pregnancy-related deaths. Why are these numbers so high? Many of these pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies.
Risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy can include: young or old maternal age, being overweight or underweight, having had problems in previous pregnancies and pre-existing health conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or HIV.
“A woman with a high-risk pregnancy is several times more likely to deliver her baby prematurely,” said Thomas Culhane, M.D., chief medical officer of Molina Healthcare of Wisconsin. “In addition to being high-risk, many mothers suffer financial hardship and aren’t aware of the resources available to help them.”
One of these resources is a program called “Healthy Baby and Me.” Molina Healthcare of Wisconsin offers this program designed specifically for high-risk pregnant moms in the Milwaukee community.
“I have diabetes so I needed extra help during my pregnancy,” said Molina Healthcare member Demetra Davis, 25. “Molina was there to support me while I was pregnant. If I didn’t have help from my case manager, I would have had a difficult time.” Davis enrolled in Healthy Baby and Me after receiving a brochure in the mail from Molina.
Davis, a Milwaukee resident and mother of three, recently delivered DeAndre — a healthy baby boy. Because she is a diabetic, her case manager worked closely with her throughout the pregnancy to make sure that she didn’t have any issues with her insulin intake and received all of her prenatal care.
“It’s such a joy to work so closely with the moms in the Healthy Baby and Me program,” said Suzanne Basting, RN, a Molina Healthcare case manager. “Each case is unique and each mom has specific needs. After a healthy baby is delivered, I keep in touch with the moms for any questions they have.”
Each woman who qualifies for “Healthy Baby and Me” is assigned a Molina case manager, like Basting, who monitors the progress of the pregnancy very closely. In the program, moms-to-be also learn more about pregnancy, childbirth and caring for a new baby. Molina works closely with each woman’s physician so that her care is coordinated and the case manager is updated about each appointment. Each doctor appointment throughout a pregnancy is very important, especially for one that is considered high-risk. To encourage moms to see their doctor, Molina sends them WalMart gift cards for attending appointments.
The African American community traditionally practices co-sleeping. This can be very dangerous and can result in infant death. As part of the Healthy Baby and Me program, Molina educates moms on safe sleeping for their infants. By joining Healthy Baby and Me, Molina also connects moms with access to other community resources such as behavioral health, primary care providers, Food Share (a food stamps program), transportation and baby supplies (diapers, clothes, bottles). How do I find out if I qualify for Healthy Baby and Me? If you are currently a Molina member, call 1-888- 999-2404 and a member services representative will assist you. If you are not already a Molina member but want to enroll in Healthy Baby and Me, please call an HMO Enrollment Specialist at 1-800-291-2002 or visit https://access.wisconsin.gov/.