Black History Month being the shortest month results in the following article that is for Black History overlap into March. This is a bit of history that may not appear to be classified as Black History; but it is most specifically Black History and is archived. It is because of the Black Moors’ occupation of Europe, i.e.: Spain, Portugal, Germany, parts of England, Switzerland and all of Italy – except Rome – that precipitated the events, which are documented to have followed.
Richard the Lionhearted was a much-loved King of England. He was loved for more than one reason. He was strong and viral, a man’s man. He liked to hunt and he liked action on the battlefield. His troops love him because he was a King that led his men to the battle not falling behind and sending them out in front. Another reason that he was so loved by his subjects is half of his subjects, were women; he was handsome, single and a King – though, not particularly interested in them. Being such an available, royal catch caused women to throw themselves at him relentlessly. For that reason, he had little respect or appreciation for them. He was a man who loved the thrill of the hunt and a challenge. King Richard of England was not a member of any Christian group or any religion; and he was not beholding to the Pope of Rome. He despised the clerics and to highlighting a point. “Richard, by contrast, often went well beyond the oath – for the sake swearing, i.e.:
‘By St. George!’ to swear upon Jesus’ private parts and he took great joy in doing so because it insulted his clerics. He knew that they dared not respond – he was their king” (Warriors p. 107).
Shortly after Richard I became King of England, he was called upon to join all the major European heads to lead the Third Crusade. His reason for being induced into the Crusades was his hate of defeat. The Crusaders needed a fearless leader to rally the troops. Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, another warring King had fallen and the Crusades were left without a strong head.
Richard the Lionhearted joined King Phillip Augustus of France and the new King of Germany to regain Jerusalem from Sultan Salahuddin. The Sultan had under his controlled the land from Turkey through Syria to Egypt. Because Frederick Barbarossa is killed, the German army had disintegrated. This event left King Richard of England and Augustus of France to win back Jerusalem. The new King of Germany was of little aid in battle and had no military strategy and King Richard was relentless with his insults upon him because he did not respect him for that reason. King Phillip of France also, despised Richard because Richard snubbed Phillip Augustus’s half sister. He had agreed to marry her, and instead, marries a wealthy, farmer’s daughter who had no royal blood. By European standards, she was an enemy because she was a half Moor. The Moors had controlled the islands of Cecily and Tyre for centuries. This act of marriage further embeds hostility between European allies (Reston 1941) p.144).
He had fallen in love and had no intention of releasing a catch that he worked so hard to secure. King Richard was interested in her but she was not impressed with him even though he was king. He was crude, unkempt by Islamic standards with a foul mouth of speech and little regard for women. She would not sleep with him and slept only with his sword, Excalibur, because he sent his sword to their wedding as proxy for him. He was too busy out hunting with his vanguard. She married him at her father’s behest. This marriage was never acknowledged in Europe. The King’s mother personally braved a trip bringing him Princess Berebgaria to marry. He was then forced to marry a woman of noble lineage. Richard went through the formality of the ceremony; but there is question to whether or not he had ever conjugated their marriage relationship. They never had children and they never lived together (Regan).
The Moorish wife of King Richard I was captured by Salahuddin’s army. She was dark because she was of Moorish and Italian ancestry. King Richard and the Crusaders lost the Battle horribly and most of the Crusaders left to return to Europe (Reston 1941 p. 301). King Richard refused to leave without retrieving his Moorish wife. Only a small number, his loyal vanguard, chose to stay with him.
Sultan Salahuddin was impressed to see the king fight so gallantly on the field. Salahuddin issued an order that no soldier should kill him or he, Salahuddin, would personally cut off his head. This order caused his troops to slay the horses so as not to accidentally kill the King in battle. When his horse was killed, the Sultan would send him another saying that it was only proper for a King to have a mount on the battlefield. Three times Sultan Salahuddin had to send him a horse until Salahuddin ordered King Richard captured because he was injured (Geoffrey Regan, Walker 1998, P. 210).
After king Richard’s capture, he was taken to Haifa (where his wife was being held near Jerusalem (Restin 1941 p.205-206). King Richard and his wife were quest of the Sultan Saladin and the King is rumored to have had a child (Britannica). The Sultan admired the bravery of the European king. Likewise King Richard was taken by the Sultan’s wisdom, manners and hospitality toward him and his wife. Over a period of time, they became close friends.
England was in a bad state of affairs. There were pleas for Richard to return to England. Richard’s mother sent word that his brother John was over taxing the people and attempting to usurp Richard’s thrown. During this time in England is why Robin Hood and the four Musketeers surfaced. One of the Musketeers was a Moor that was left behind. Sultan Saladin released King Richard so that he could go back to England. King Richard would not leave for over 3 years. There are conflicting reports as to the exact number. In actuality, King Richard had abdicated his thrown and converted to Islam– he did not want go back to England. It was the Sultan that advised him of his responsibility to his calling. Sultan Saladin opens up Jerusalem to Christians, Jews and Muslims. In 1192 King Richard left Jerusalem but was shipwrecked on his journey back to England. While traveling through Austria disguised, Richard was recognized and captured by the duke of Austria and imprisoned. The Austrian king turns Richard over to the King of Germany at the German King’s request. The king imprisons King Richard again and places a great ransom on Richard’s head. It was equivalent to more than three times the annual revenue of England. To Europe’s astonishment, it was paid by Salahuddin*1 in 1194 (Blondel 2009).
August 1, 2014 //
“Those that tell, don’t know. And those that know, won’t tell…” Ossie Davis, “Do the Right Thi...
June 30, 2014 //
By Julianne Malveaux--NNPA Columnist When the Koch Foundation gave the United Negro...