- Lisa Rice, President and CEO National Fair Housing Alliance
- James H. Carr, Coleman A. Young Endowed Chair and Professor in Urban Affairs at Wayne State University; Visiting Fellow with the Roosevelt Institute.
- Maurice Jourdain-Earl, Managing Director and Co-Founder ComplianceTech
- Alanna McCargo, Vice President, Housing Finance Policy Urban Institute
- Mark Alston, Owner, Skyway Realty and Alston & Associates Mortgage Co. Chair, Public Affairs Committee, NAREB
Fair Housing Act
By Hazel Trice Edney
Lois Johnson speaks on homeownership during the recent Stateswomen for Justice Luncheon at the National Press Club. PHOTO: Roy Lewis
People ask mortgage and homeownership questions after Johnson speaks at the recent Stateswomen for Justice Luncheon. PHOTO: Roy Lewis
ians who didn’t get turned down. Probably some of them got approved who should not have gotten approved, but it was because of the help that was given to them. They were told what to do. So, within the guidelines, we should provide our people the information that’s needed to acquire a loan and refer them to the right agencies that can help them.
by Sandra Park, Senior Staff Attorney, ACLU Women’s Rights Project
Fifty years ago this week, Congress passed the Fair Housing Act, which at long last protected Americans from discrimination when purchasing or renting a home.
At least that was the plan. But for too many people, the fight for fair housing is not over.
Ongoing bias against African-Americans at the hands of banks, landlords, and local governments is well-documented half a century later. Women, including women of color, also continue to grapple with unequal treatment. They are frequently subjected to sexual harassment while trying to keep a roof over their heads, a violation of the FHA that flies under the radar.
Sexual harassment by landlords, superintendents, and other housing staff plays out in many ways in communities across the country . They have demanded sex in exchange for rent reductions or repairs, entered tenants’ homes without permission or notice, sexually groped them, and moved to evict tenants who rejected their sexual advances. Property managers have also refused to approve housing applicants unless they complied with sexual demands. Harassment in housing affects all types of people, but it disproportionately harms low-income women of color.
While there has been limited research done on the prevalence of sexual harassment in housing, a recent pilot study released disturbing results. Professor Rigel Oliveri surveyed low-income women in Columbia, Missouri, and found that 10 percent had experienced significant sexual harassment by landlords. Most were young women of color. The harassment ranged from a landlord who entered a tenant’s bedroom at night to masturbate while she was sleeping to a landlord’s persistent demands for sex.
The study also revealed that low-income women who had not obtained a housing subsidy were more vulnerable to sexual harassment compared to those that did. The women with rental assistance could refuse their landlords’ sexual demands and still afford to pay their rent. Those without subsidies, who were also economically struggling, were usually forced to move when they rejected the harassment.
Housing managers who sexually harass one tenant frequently target many more. For example, Yolanda Boswell’s real estate manager in Montgomery, Alabama, repeatedly tried to coerce her into having sex with him and then raised her rent when she refused. After the ACLU, Legal Services Alabama, and the Central Alabama Fair Housing Center filed a lawsuit on Ms. Boswell’s behalf, we learned that the manager had also sexually harassed several other women, leading the Department of Justice to pursue an additional case . Ultimately, a federal judge called out the Montgomery Housing Authority, noting that several of the victims had informed their housing counselors but that “in every case, the women’s concerns were ignored.”
The judge’s rebuke points to a broader issue: Tenants and housing applicants too often face pressure to remain silent about sexual harassment, and they encounter hostility or dismissal when they do report it.
Part of the problem is that protections against sexual harassment in housing generally have lagged behind those in the workplace. While most large employers have taken some measures to address sexual harassment on the job, far fewer real estate management companies and other housing providers have acknowledged the issue. In fact, public housing authorities and other agencies that administer housing programs are not required  to record or report on sexual harassment complaints.
There is legal recourse, however.
The Fair Housing Act and similar state laws provide applicants and tenants who are harassed with the ability to seek compensation and reforms in housing management. They can seek representation to file their own lawsuit in court or assistance from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or the U.S. Department of Justice. Notably, the Justice Department recently launched a major initiative encouraging people to come forward with their reports of sexual harassment in housing. This builds on an important regulation issued by HUD in 2016 to explain how the FHA bars harassment in housing.
The FHA guarantees Americans the right to access housing without being subjected to unwelcome sexual advances or assault. Now, we need to make that promise a reality.
This program will highlight the events that led to the fair housing marches and eventually the passage of the Fair Housing Act. The speakers will address fair housing issues on a local and national level and discuss whether or not the promise of the Act has been fulfilled. In addition, the speakers will look at national fair housing success stories and what the future holds for Milwaukee. Magistrate Judge Patricia J. Gorence is moderating a panel of experts who include:
•Earl Bracy, Psy.D., Bracy Psychological Services LLC and 1967-68 fair housing marcher
•James H. Hall Jr., Esq., Hall, Burce & Olson S.C. and NAACP Milwaukee president
•Diane L. Houk, Esq., Emery Celli Brinckerhoff & Abady LLP (NY) and formerly of the Civil
Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice – Housing & Civil Enforcement Section
•Kori Schneider Peragine, Metropolitan Milwaukee Fair Housing Council.
Program guests are invited to view the display, “Crossing the Line: The Milwaukee Fair Housing Marches of 1967-68,” which commemorates the 50th anniversary of Milwaukee’s civil rights marches by examining the practices and prejudices that led to segregation in Milwaukee and chronicling the school desegregation and fair housing movements of the 1960s. The display was created by the Wisconsin Historical Society and can be viewed by the public in the federal courthouse atrium from March 13-15.
Event: The Promise of the Fair Housing Act 50 Years Later: A Look at the Past, Present and Future
Date: Wednesday, March 14, 2018
Time: 3:00 – 5:00 p.m.
Place: Federal Courthouse, 517 East Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee