by Benjamin Todd Jealous
One year later, the Trayvon Martin tragedy still stings – and some people are still throwing salt on the open wound. Last week George Zimmerman’s brother, Robert Zimmerman, posted a tweet comparing Trayvon Martin to De’Marquis Elkins, 17-year-old black teenager charged with fatally shooting a one-year-old baby.
The tweet showed a photo of Elkins side by side with a photo of Martin, both making inappropriate gestures, with the caption “A picture speaks a thousand words. Any questions?”
Zimmerman’s follow-up tweet read “Lib[eral] media [should] ask if what these [two] black teens did [to] a [woman and her baby] is the reason [people] think blacks might [be] risky.”
The implication was that Trayvon Martin’s actions on the night he was murdered were equivalent to the killing of an innocent child.
This would be worrisome enough if it were just the opportunistic cry of a family embroiled in racial controversy. But this belief – that male “black teens” are inherently more likely to be criminals – is ingrained in our society. It has seeped into our institutions in the form of racial profiling, and too often it poisons the judgment of those who are supposed to protect us.
Last year I visited Sanford, Florida in the wake of the Trayvon Martin case. The NAACP hosted a forum where residents could report incidents of police abuse.
A number of African American mothers alleged that their teenage sons had been profiled, abused or even assaulted by the police. I found that the attitude of the local police department toward “black teens” was uncomfortably similar to that of Robert Zimmerman.
But the fact is that fifty years after the Civil Rights Act, racial bias still runs rampant among law enforcement in this country. And Zimmerman’s attitude infects an institution much more influential than the Sanford Police Department: the NYPD.
The New York Police Department is currently fighting a class-action lawsuit against their racially biased practice of “stop-and-frisk” policing. Stop-and-frisk allows officers to stop, question and physically search any individual they consider suspicious. In 2011 NYPD officers stopped nearly 800,000 people for alleged “suspicious activity”. Nine out of ten were innocent, 99 percent did not have a gun – and nine out of ten were black or Latino.
The most revealing tidbit to come out of the class-action trial is a secretly recorded conversation between a deputy inspector and a police officer. The inspector is discussing a high-crime neighborhood, and he can be heard telling his patrolman: “The problem was, what, male blacks… And I told you at roll call, and I have no problem telling you this, male blacks 14 to 20, 21.” In other words: stop more young black boys.
Other evidence indicates that patrolmen may be encouraged to meet arrest quotas. A tape played at the trial reveals a supervising officer asking for “more 250s” – or more stop-and-frisk forms.
One plaintiff, a police officer, testified about the pressure he felt from supervisors – “they were very clear, it’s non-negotiable, you’re gonna do it, or you’re gonna become a Pizza Hut delivery man.”
A picture may speak a thousand words, but leaked recordings speak volumes about an institution’s priorities. These tapes reveal that the NYPD has effectively placed a bounty on “black teens”. By profiling young teens of color, they are using the same grisly logic as Robert Zimmerman. And the result is apparent: in 2011, Black and Latino men between the ages of 14 and 24 made up 42 percent of those targeted by stop-and-frisk. That group makes up less than 5 percent of the city’s population.
The crime attributed to De’Marquis Elkins’ was truly horrific and despicable. But Elkins does not represent an entire demographic, just like Adam Lanza did not act on behalf of all young white men. Racial profiling punishes innocent individuals for the past actions of those who look and sound like them. It misdirects crucial resources and undercuts the trust needed between law enforcement and the communities they serve. It has no place in our national discourse, and no place in our nation’s police departments.
Ben Jealous is President/CEO of the NAACP.
December is not reserved for Christmas and Kwanzaa. Far from it. At this time of year individuals from our community receive the gift of knowledge–a diploma that signifies their hard work, determination and hopes for a brighter future. Two local institutions of higher learning bestowed this gift. (Top photo): Liberal Arts and Sciences students at MATC received their degrees during that school’s winter commencement ceremony at US Cellular Arena downtown. (Bottom photo): Black women graduates at Alverno College were bestowed Kente Cloths by family members who inspired them during the “Bestowing of the Kente” ceremony at the college’s Wehr Auditorium. (Photos by Yvonne Kemp)
by Bill Johnson, Executive Director, Urban Economic Development Association of Wisconsin, Inc. (UEDA)
Two words have become prevalent in southeastern Wisconsin lately – skills gap. We are seeing it reported in the news, discussed by educational institutions and made the priority of local employers. We’ve also seen numerous reports, including by Tim Sullivan, Competitive Wisconsin, Inc. and The Public Policy Forum. These reports, studies and initiatives have provided in-depth analysis of the challenges facing the statewide workforce system. Now, we must develop real, tangible and actionable solutions to implement on the ground to address the problem we all know exists.
Individually, we have done a great job of identifying the need for a solution. I believe that for real change to occur and the skills gap to be addressed, the solution needs to be the result of leaders coming together and collectively creating an environment that fosters an open exchange of ideas. Established employers, entrepreneurs, small business owners and education and training representatives all have a role in addressing the complex issue of maximizing the inherent skills of jobseekers at all levels.
As opposed to recommending a “cure” for what ails our workforce development system, we need to engage in a dialogue that will focus on developing strategies that will lead to increased collaboration between and among the various workforce development partners that are already doing great things to address the skills gap. We must go beyond finger pointing and casting of blame and instead focus our energy on action steps that will forge more creative approaches that will drive hiring, support our struggling entrepreneurs and make the region more business friendly.
Previous Urban Economic Development Association (UEDA) summits were focused on action. This year’s 11th Annual Summit, addressing the skills gap, will be no different. On November 8th, key stakeholders will come together with members of the community to discuss actions that are already underway and having an impact, brainstorm new strategies for further progress and come together on the most efficient way to maximize resources in our workforce system. Urban issues expert Carol Coletta, an accomplished city visionary and sought after national speaker, will help give a national perspective to our discussion, offering insights about Milwaukee and trends in other cities like ours.
We are issuing a call to action for those who want to be a part of the solution to our workforce challenges. To join us, visit,www.uedawi.org or call (414)562-9904.